Current Signatories
Institution

Global universities, colleges and students leading delivery of the UN Sustainable
Development Goals’ calls on the UN to better promote the role of higher and further
education in all of the SDGs rather than only Goal 4 and on senior management in
universities and colleges to look for innovative ways to increase staff and student capacity
to address the SDGs.

1. Prof. Dr. Muhammad Jeseus Chrishna , PhD, Head of WPF UNESCO INDONESIA,
Indonesia

2. Prof. Dr. Bambang Suryanto, MM, MBA, PhD, CEO, ASEAN Academy of Finance and
Management (AAFM), Indonesia
3. Dr. Rantastia N.A, Program Director, Universal Institute of Professional Management,
Indonesia
4. Prof. Dr. Tengku M.I.A Chalid, MA, LLM, PhD, CEO, Universal Association of
Professional Colleges and Universities (UAPCU), Indonesia
5. Dr. Ayla Dewi A Aldjufrie, MBA, Founder, Global Property Bank and Technology
Centre (GPBTC), Indonesia
6. GUERET EMILIE, responsable développement durable et diversité, KEDGE BUSINESS
SCHOOL, France
7. Henry McGhie, Head of Collections and Curator of Zoology, Manchester Museum,
University of Manchester, United Kingdom
8. Professor Judith Squires, Pro Vice-Chancellor, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
9. Katrin MUFF, Professor / Dean, Business School Lausanne, Switzerland
10. Jaclyn Rosebrook-Collignon, Head of Sustainability & Global Responsibility, Grenoble
Ecole de Management, France
11. Richard Masters, University Level Programme Leader, Exeter College, United
Kingdom
12. Norani Abu Bakar, Executive Director – SDG Secretariat, UCSI Group, Malaysia
13. Professor Sue Rigby, Vice-Chancellor, Bath Spa University, United Kingdom
14. Professor Edward Peck, Vice Chancellor, Nottingham Trent University, United
Kingdom
15. Annette Bruton, Principal and Chief Executive, Edinburgh College, United Kingdom
16. Professor Harlene Hayne, Vice Chancellor, University of Otago, New Zealand
17. Colin Riordan, Vice-Chancellor, Cardiff University, United Kingdom
18. Ilkka Niemelä, President, Aalto University, Finland
19. Alan Sherry, Principal, Glasgow Kelvin College, United Kingdom
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20. Darby M. Hobbs, Adjunct Professor & CEO, SOCIAL3, Boston University and SOCIAL3,
United States
21. Professor Karen Cox, Vice Chancellor, University of Kent, United Kingdom
22. Oliver Glick, Vice president Community, Edinburgh university students association,
United Kingdom
23. Professor Charlie Jeffery, Senior Vice-Principal, The University of Edinburgh, United
Kingdom
24. David Pomfret, Principal & Chief Executive, The College of West Anglia, United
Kingdom
25. Professor John Latham, Vice-Chancellor, Coventry University, United Kingdom
26. Fray Juan Ubaldo Lopez, Rector, Universidad Santo Tomas, Colombia
27. CARLOS PEREZ, PRESIDENT, UNIVERSIDAD BIBLICA DE LAS AMERICAS, Puerto Rico
28. Takayuki Nakamura, President, National Institute of Technology, Fukushima College,
Japan
29. Naoki Sato, Vice-President, Kyoto University, Japan
30. Angela Cox, Principal & CEO, Scottish Borders College, United Kingdom
31. Rea Raus, Chair of the Board, Statera Research and Practice Center for Sustainability
and Regional Development, Estonia
32. Professor Mark Ormerod, Acting Vice-Chancellor, Keele University, United Kingdom
33. Simon Pirotte, Principal/CEO, Bridgend College, United Kingdom
34. Manguele Daniel, Teacher and Expert in Intercultural Education for Sustainable
Development, African Network for Sustainable Development Education -ANSDE,
Cameroon
35. Prof. Stephen Agong, Vice Chancellor, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science
and Technology, Kenya
36. Nickson Otieno, President, World Student Community for Sustainable Development,
Kenya
37. Professor Sir Anton Muscatelli, Principal and Vice-Chancellor, University of Glasgow,
United Kingdom
38. Luis Carlos Villegas Méndez, Docente, Unidad Central del Valle del Cauca, Colombia
39. Darcy Margarita Carrero Carmona, Teacher, Universidad Nacional Experimental del
Táchira (UNET), Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
40. Rubén Darío Gómez Saldaña, Rector, Universidad EAN, Colombia
41. Universidad de Cundinamarca, Doctor, Universidad de Cundinamarca, Colombia
42. Peter Horrocks, Vice-Chancellor, The Open University, United Kingdom
43. Marie-Claire Graf, Student, Swiss Union for Student Sustainability Assocciations,
Switzerland
44. Margaret E. Bentley, Associate Dean for Global Health, Gillings School of Global
Public Health, United States
45. Professor Jon Scott, Pro Vice Chancellor, University of Leicester, United Kingdom
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46. Professor Rama Thirunamachandran, Vice-Chancellor & Principal, Canterbury Christ
Church University, United Kingdom
47. Professor Katherine Richardson, Leader of the Sustainability Science Centre,
University of Copenhagen, Denmark
48. Stewart McKillop, Principal, South Lanarkshire College, United Kingdom
49. Professor Pamela Gillies, President, Glasgow Caledonian University, United Kingdom
50. Aida Milena Garcia Arenas, Administradora Ambiental, Universidad Tecnológica de
Pereira, Colombia
51. Sheila Killian, Director, PRME, Kemmy Business School, University of Limerick,
Ireland., Ireland
52. Mtro. Arturo Ríos Díaz, Universidad Tecnológica Fidel Velázquez, Universidad
Tecnológica Fidel Velázquez, Mexico
53. Rafaela España, President, Universidad Cristiana Iberoamericana, Puerto Rico
54. Stephen Marston, Vice Chancellor, University of Gloucestershire, United Kingdom
55. Professor Judith Petts, Vice Chancellor, University of Plymouth, United Kingdom
56. Haydee Peña, Presidenta de la Comisión de Gestión y Sustentabilidad UNET,
Universidad Nacional Experimental del Táchira, Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
57. professor Joy Carter, VC, University of Winchester, United Kingdom
58. Alejandra Reich, Coordinadora General Programa UBA Verde, Universidad de Buenos
Aires, Argentina
59. Tom Yearley, Head of Sustainability Delivery, University of Wales Trinity St David,
United Kingdom
60. Nav Chohan, Principal, Shipley College, United Kingdom
61. Professor James Longhurst, Assistant Vice Chancellor, Environment and
Sustainability, University of the West of England Bristol, United Kingdom
62. Dr Jad Isaac, General Director of ARIJ, The Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem
Society (ARIJ), Palestinian Territory, Occupied
63. Khandaker Reaz Hossain, Director, Programmes, Grambangla Unnayan Committee,
Bangladesh
64. Richard Anthony Losalajome Bolom’oese, Architect-President, Architectes Sans
Frontières Congo, Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
65. Manguele Daniel, German teacher and expert in education for Sustainable
development, Réseau africain pour l’éducation au développement durable / RAEDD,
Cameroon
66. Ahmed Chehbouni, Professeur, Centre de Développement de a Région de Tensift,
Morocco
67. Professor Igor Tičar, Ph. D., Rector, University of Maribor, Slovenia
68. Pierre Cocheril, Founder, GLOBALPOWER7, France
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Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development
Preamble
This Agenda is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. It also seeks to strengthen universal
peace in larger freedom. We recognise that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions,
including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for
sustainable development. All countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership, will
implement this plan. We are resolved to free the human race from the tyranny of poverty and want
and to heal and secure our planet. We are determined to take the bold and transformative steps
which are urgently needed to shift the world onto a sustainable and resilient path. As we embark on
this collective journey, we pledge that no one will be left behind. The 17 Sustainable Development
Goals and 169 targets which we are announcing today demonstrate the scale and ambition of this
new universal Agenda. They seek to build on the Millennium Development Goals and complete what
these did not achieve. They seek to realize the human rights of all and to achieve gender equality and
the empowerment of all women and girls. They are integrated and indivisible and balance the three
dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, social and environmental.
The Goals and targets will stimulate action over the next fifteen years in areas of critical importance
for humanity and the planet:
People
We are determined to end poverty and hunger, in all their forms and dimensions, and to ensure that
all human beings can fulfil their potential in dignity and equality and in a healthy environment.
Planet
We are determined to protect the planet from degradation, including through sustainable consumption
and production, sustainably managing its natural resources and taking urgent action on climate
change, so that it can support the needs of the present and future generations.
Prosperity
We are determined to ensure that all human beings can enjoy prosperous and fulfilling lives and that
economic, social and technological progress occurs in harmony with nature.
Peace
We are determined to foster peaceful, just and inclusive societies which are free from fear and
violence. There can be no sustainable development without peace and no peace without sustainable
development.
Partnership
We are determined to mobilize the means required to implement this Agenda through a revitalised
Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, based on a spirit of strengthened global solidarity,
focussed in particular on the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable and with the participation of all
countries, all stakeholders and all people.
The interlinkages and integrated nature of the Sustainable Development Goals are of crucial
importance in ensuring that the purpose of the new Agenda is realised. If we realize our ambitions
across the full extent of the Agenda, the lives of all will be profoundly improved and our world will be
transformed for the better.
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DECLARATION
Introduction
1. We, the Heads of State and Government and High Representatives, meeting at the United Nations
Headquarters in New York from 25-27 September 2015 as the Organization celebrates its seventieth
anniversary, have decided today on new global Sustainable Development Goals.
2. On behalf of the peoples we serve, we have adopted a historic decision on a comprehensive, farreaching
and people-centred set of universal and transformative Goals and targets. We commit
ourselves to working tirelessly for the full implementation of this Agenda by 2030. We recognize that
eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global
challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. We are committed to
achieving sustainable development in its three dimensions – economic, social and environmental – in
a balanced and integrated manner. We will also build upon the achievements of the Millennium
Development Goals and seek to address their unfinished business.
3. We resolve, between now and 2030, to end poverty and hunger everywhere; to combat inequalities
within and among countries; to build peaceful, just and inclusive societies; to protect human rights and
promote gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls; and to ensure the lasting
protection of the planet and its natural resources. We resolve also to create conditions for sustainable,
inclusive and sustained economic growth, shared prosperity and decent work for all, taking into
account different levels of national development and capacities.
4. As we embark on this great collective journey, we pledge that no one will be left behind.
Recognizing that the dignity of the human person is fundamental, we wish to see the Goals and
targets met for all nations and peoples and for all segments of society. And we will endeavour to
reach the furthest behind first.
5. This is an Agenda of unprecedented scope and significance. It is accepted by all countries and is
applicable to all, taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development
and respecting national policies and priorities. These are universal goals and targets which involve
the entire world, developed and developing countries alike. They are integrated and indivisible and
balance the three dimensions of sustainable development.
6. The Goals and targets are the result of over two years of intensive public consultation and
engagement with civil society and other stakeholders around the world, which paid particular attention
to the voices of the poorest and most vulnerable. This consultation included valuable work done by
the General Assembly Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals and by the United
Nations, whose Secretary-General provided a synthesis report in December 2014.
Our vision
7. In these Goals and targets, we are setting out a supremely ambitious and transformational vision.
We envisage a world free of poverty, hunger, disease and want, where all life can thrive. We envisage
a world free of fear and violence. A world with universal literacy. A world with equitable and universal
access to quality education at all levels, to health care and social protection, where physical, mental
and social well-being are assured. A world where we reaffirm our commitments regarding the human
right to safe drinking water and sanitation and where there is improved hygiene; and where food is
sufficient, safe, affordable and nutritious. A world where human habitats are safe, resilient and
sustainable and where there is universal access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy.
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8. We envisage a world of universal respect for human rights and human dignity, the rule of law,
justice, equality and non-discrimination; of respect for race, ethnicity and cultural diversity; and of
equal opportunity permitting the full realization of human potential and contributing to shared
prosperity. A world which invests in its children and in which every child grows up free from violence
and exploitation. A world in which every woman and girl enjoys full gender equality and all legal,
social and economic barriers to their empowerment have been removed. A just, equitable, tolerant,
open and socially inclusive world in which the needs of the most vulnerable are met.
9. We envisage a world in which every country enjoys sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic
growth and decent work for all. A world in which consumption and production patterns and use of all
natural resources – from air to land, from rivers, lakes and aquifers to oceans and seas – are
sustainable. One in which democracy, good governance and the rule of law as well as an enabling
environment at national and international levels, are essential for sustainable development, including
sustained and inclusive economic growth, social development, environmental protection and the
eradication of poverty and hunger. One in which development and the application of technology are
climate-sensitive, respect biodiversity and are resilient. One in which humanity lives in harmony with
nature and in which wildlife and other living species are protected.
Our shared principles and commitments
10. The new Agenda is guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
including full respect for international law. It is grounded in the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights, international human rights treaties, the Millennium Declaration and the 2005 World Summit
Outcome Document. It is informed by other instruments such as the Declaration on the Right to
Development.
11. We reaffirm the outcomes of all major UN conferences and summits which have laid a solid
foundation for sustainable development and have helped to shape the new Agenda. These include
the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development; the World Summit on Sustainable
Development; the World Summit for Social Development; the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development, the Beijing Platform for Action; and the
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (“Rio+ 20”). We also reaffirm the follow-up to
these conferences, including the outcomes of the Fourth United Nations Conference on the Least
Developed Countries, the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States; the
Second United Nations Conference on Landlocked Developing Countries; and the Third UN World
Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction.
12. We reaffirm all the principles of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, including,
inter alia, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, as set out in principle 7 thereof.
13. The challenges and commitments contained in these major conferences and summits are
interrelated and call for integrated solutions. To address them effectively, a new approach is needed.
Sustainable development recognizes that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions,
combatting inequality within and among countries, preserving the planet, creating sustained, inclusive
and sustainable economic growth and fostering social inclusion are linked to each other and are
interdependent.
Our world today
14. We are meeting at a time of immense challenges to sustainable development. Billions of our
citizens continue to live in poverty and are denied a life of dignity. There are rising inequalities within
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and among countries. There are enormous disparities of opportunity, wealth and power. Gender
inequality remains a key challenge. Unemployment, particularly youth unemployment, is a major
concern. Global health threats, more frequent and intense natural disasters, spiralling conflict, violent
extremism, terrorism and related humanitarian crises and forced displacement of people threaten to
reverse much of the development progress made in recent decades. Natural resource depletion and
adverse impacts of environmental degradation, including desertification, drought, land degradation,
freshwater scarcity and loss of biodiversity, add to and exacerbate the list of challenges which
humanity faces. Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time and its adverse impacts
undermine the ability of all countries to achieve sustainable development. Increases in global
temperature, sea level rise, ocean acidification and other climate change impacts are seriously
affecting coastal areas and low-lying coastal countries, including many least developed countries and
small island developing States. The survival of many societies, and of the biological support systems
of the planet, is at risk.
15. It is also, however, a time of immense opportunity. Significant progress has been made in meeting
many development challenges. Within the past generation, hundreds of millions of people have
emerged from extreme poverty. Access to education has greatly increased for both boys and girls.
The spread of information and communications technology and global interconnectedness has great
potential to accelerate human progress, to bridge the digital divide and to develop knowledge
societies, as does scientific and technological innovation across areas as diverse as medicine and
energy.
16. Almost fifteen years ago, the Millennium Development Goals were agreed. These provided an
important framework for development and significant progress has been made in a number of areas.
But the progress has been uneven, particularly in Africa, least developed countries, landlocked
developing countries, and small island developing States, and some of the MDGs remain off-track, in
particular those related to maternal, newborn and child health and to reproductive health. We
recommit ourselves to the full realization of all the MDGs, including the off-track MDGs, in particular
by providing focussed and scaled-up assistance to least developed countries and other countries in
special situations, in line with relevant support programmes. The new Agenda builds on the
Millennium Development Goals and seeks to complete what these did not achieve, particularly in
reaching the most vulnerable.
17. In its scope, however, the framework we are announcing today goes far beyond the MDGs.
Alongside continuing development priorities such as poverty eradication, health, education and food
security and nutrition, it sets out a wide range of economic, social and environmental objectives. It
also promises more peaceful and inclusive societies. It also, crucially, defines means of
implementation. Reflecting the integrated approach that we have decided on, there are deep
interconnections and many cross-cutting elements across the new Goals and targets.
The new Agenda
18. We are announcing today 17 Sustainable Development Goals with 169 associated targets which
are integrated and indivisible. Never before have world leaders pledged common action and
endeavour across such a broad and universal policy agenda. We are setting out together on the path
towards sustainable development, devoting ourselves collectively to the pursuit of global development
and of “win-win” cooperation which can bring huge gains to all countries and all parts of the world. We
reaffirm that every State has, and shall freely exercise, full permanent sovereignty over all its wealth,
natural resources and economic activity. We will implement the Agenda for the full benefit of all, for
today’s generation and for future generations. In doing so, we reaffirm our commitment to
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international law and emphasize that the Agenda is to be implemented in a manner that is consistent
with the rights and obligations of states under international law.
19. We reaffirm the importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other
international instruments relating to human rights and international law. We emphasize the
responsibilities of all States, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations, to respect, protect
and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction of any kind as to race,
colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth,
disability or other status.
20. Realizing gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls will make a crucial
contribution to progress across all the Goals and targets. The achievement of full human potential and
of sustainable development is not possible if one half of humanity continues to be denied its full
human rights and opportunities. Women and girls must enjoy equal access to quality education,
economic resources and political participation as well as equal opportunities with men and boys for
employment, leadership and decision-making at all levels. We will work for a significant increase in
investments to close the gender gap and strengthen support for institutions in relation to gender
equality and the empowerment of women at the global, regional and national levels. All forms of
discrimination and violence against women and girls will be eliminated, including through the
engagement of men and boys. The systematic mainstreaming of a gender perspective in the
implementation of the Agenda is crucial.
21. The new Goals and targets will come into effect on 1 January 2016 and will guide the decisions
we take over the next fifteen years. All of us will work to implement the Agenda within our own
countries and at the regional and global levels, taking into account different national realities,
capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities We will respect
national policy space for sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, in particular for
developing states, while remaining consistent with relevant international rules and commitments. We
acknowledge also the importance of the regional and sub-regional dimensions, regional economic
integration and interconnectivity in sustainable development. Regional and sub-regional frameworks
can facilitate the effective translation of sustainable development policies into concrete action at
national level.
22. Each country faces specific challenges in its pursuit of sustainable development. The most
vulnerable countries and, in particular, African countries, least developed countries, landlocked
developing countries and small island developing states deserve special attention, as do countries in
situations of conflict and post-conflict countries. There are also serious challenges within many
middle-income countries.
23. People who are vulnerable must be empowered. Those whose needs are reflected in the Agenda
include all children, youth, persons with disabilities (of whom more than 80% live in poverty), people
living with HIV/AIDS, older persons, indigenous peoples, refugees and internally displaced persons
and migrants. We resolve to take further effective measures and actions, in conformity with
international law, to remove obstacles and constraints, strengthen support and meet the special
needs of people living in areas affected by complex humanitarian emergencies and in areas affected
by terrorism.
24. We are committed to ending poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including by eradicating
extreme poverty by 2030. All people must enjoy a basic standard of living, including through social
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protection systems. We are also determined to end hunger and to achieve food security as a matter of
priority and to end all forms of malnutrition. In this regard, we reaffirm the important role and inclusive
nature of the Committee on World Food Security and welcome the Rome Declaration on Nutrition and
Framework for Action. We will devote resources to developing rural areas and sustainable agriculture
and fisheries, supporting smallholder farmers, especially women farmers, herders and fishers in
developing countries, particularly least developed countries.
25. We commit to providing inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels – early childhood,
primary, secondary, tertiary, technical and vocational training. All people, irrespective of sex, age,
race, ethnicity, and persons with disabilities, migrants, indigenous peoples, children and youth,
especially those in vulnerable situations, should have access to life-long learning opportunities that
help them acquire the knowledge and skills needed to exploit opportunities and to participate fully in
society. We will strive to provide children and youth with a nurturing environment for the full realization
of their rights and capabilities, helping our countries to reap the demographic dividend including
through safe schools and cohesive communities and families.
26. To promote physical and mental health and well-being, and to extend life expectancy for all, we
must achieve universal health coverage and access to quality health care. No one must be left
behind. We commit to accelerating the progress made to date in reducing newborn, child and
maternal mortality by ending all such preventable deaths before 2030. We are committed to ensuring
universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning,
information and education. We will equally accelerate the pace of progress made in fighting malaria,
HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis, Ebola and other communicable diseases and epidemics, including
by addressing growing anti-microbial resistance and the problem of unattended diseases affecting
developing countries. We are committed to the prevention and treatment of non-communicable
diseases, including behavioural, developmental and neurological disorders, which constitute a major
challenge for sustainable development.
27. We will seek to build strong economic foundations for all our countries. Sustained, inclusive and
sustainable economic growth is essential for prosperity. This will only be possible if wealth is shared
and income inequality is addressed. We will work to build dynamic, sustainable, innovative and
people-centred economies, promoting youth employment and women’s economic empowerment, in
particular, and decent work for all. We will eradicate forced labour and human trafficking and end child
labour in all its forms. All countries stand to benefit from having a healthy and well-educated
workforce with the knowledge and skills needed for productive and fulfilling work and full participation
in society. We will strengthen the productive capacities of least-developed countries in all sectors,
including through structural transformation. We will adopt policies which increase productive
capacities, productivity and productive employment; financial inclusion; sustainable agriculture,
pastoralist and fisheries development; sustainable industrial development; universal access to
affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy services; sustainable transport systems; and
quality and resilient infrastructure.
28. We commit to making fundamental changes in the way that our societies produce and consume
goods and services. Governments, international organizations, the business sector and other nonstate
actors and individuals must contribute to changing unsustainable consumption and production
patterns, including through the mobilization, from all sources, of financial and technical assistance to
strengthen developing countries’ scientific, technological and innovative capacities to move towards
more sustainable patterns of consumption and production. We encourage the implementation of the
10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production. All countries take
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action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities
of developing countries.
29. We recognize the positive contribution of migrants for inclusive growth and sustainable
development. We also recognize that international migration is a multi-dimensional reality of major
relevance for the development of countries of origin, transit and destination, which requires coherent
and comprehensive responses. We will cooperate internationally to ensure safe, orderly and regular
migration involving full respect for human rights and the humane treatment of migrants regardless of
migration status, of refugees and of displaced persons. Such cooperation should also strengthen the
resilience of communities hosting refugees, particularly in developing countries. We underline the
right of migrants to return to their country of citizenship, and recall that States must ensure that their
returning nationals are duly received.
30. States are strongly urged to refrain from promulgating and applying any unilateral economic,
financial or trade measures not in accordance with international law and the Charter of the United
Nations that impede the full achievement of economic and social development, particularly in
developing countries.
31. We acknowledge that the UNFCCC is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for
negotiating the global response to climate change. We are determined to address decisively the
threat posed by climate change and environmental degradation. The global nature of climate change
calls for the widest possible international cooperation aimed at accelerating the reduction of global
greenhouse gas emissions and addressing adaptation to the adverse impacts of climate change. We
note with grave concern the significant gap between the aggregate effect of Parties’ mitigation
pledges in terms of global annual emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020 and aggregate emission
pathways consistent with having a likely chance of holding the increase in global average temperature
below 2 °C or 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels.
32. Looking ahead to the COP21 conference in Paris in December, we underscore the commitment of
all States to work for an ambitious and universal climate agreement. We reaffirm that the protocol,
another legal instrument or agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all
Parties shall address in a balanced manner, inter alia, mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology
development and transfer, and capacity-building, and transparency of action and support.
33. We recognise that social and economic development depends on the sustainable management of
our planet’s natural resources. We are therefore determined to conserve and sustainably use oceans
and seas, freshwater resources, as well as forests, mountains and drylands and to protect
biodiversity, ecosystems and wildlife. We are also determined to promote sustainable tourism, tackle
water scarcity and water pollution, to strengthen cooperation on desertification, dust storms, land
degradation and drought and to promote resilience and disaster risk reduction. In this regard, we look
forward to COP13 of the Convention on Biological Diversity to be held in Mexico in 2016.
34. We recognize that sustainable urban development and management are crucial to the quality of
life of our people. We will work with local authorities and communities to renew and plan our cities and
human settlements so as to foster community cohesion and personal security and to stimulate
innovation and employment. We will reduce the negative impacts of urban activities and of chemicals
which are hazardous for human health and the environment, including through the environmentally
sound management and safe use of chemicals, the reduction and recycling of waste and more
efficient use of water and energy. And we will work to minimize the impact of cities on the global
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climate system. We will also take account of population trends and projections in our national, rural
and urban development strategies and policies. We look forward to the upcoming United Nations
Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development in Quito, Ecuador.
35. Sustainable development cannot be realized without peace and security; and peace and security
will be at risk without sustainable development. The new Agenda recognizes the need to build
peaceful, just and inclusive societies that provide equal access to justice and that are based on
respect for human rights (including the right to development), on effective rule of law and good
governance at all levels and on transparent, effective and accountable institutions. Factors which give
rise to violence, insecurity and injustice, such as inequality, corruption, poor governance and illicit
financial and arms flows, are addressed in the Agenda. We must redouble our efforts to resolve or
prevent conflict and to support post-conflict countries, including through ensuring that women have a
role in peace-building and state-building. We call for further effective measures and actions to be
taken, in conformity with international law, to remove the obstacles to the full realization of the right of
self-determination of peoples living under colonial and foreign occupation, which continue to
adversely affect their economic and social development as well as their environment.
36. We pledge to foster inter-cultural understanding, tolerance, mutual respect and an ethic of global
citizenship and shared responsibility. We acknowledge the natural and cultural diversity of the world
and recognize that all cultures and civilizations can contribute to, and are crucial enablers of,
sustainable development.
37. Sport is also an important enabler of sustainable development. We recognize the growing
contribution of sport to the realization of development and peace in its promotion of tolerance and
respect and the contributions it makes to the empowerment of women and of young people,
individuals and communities as well as to health, education and social inclusion objectives.
38. We reaffirm, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, the need to respect the
territorial integrity and political independence of States.
Means of Implementation
39. The scale and ambition of the new Agenda requires a revitalized Global Partnership to ensure its
implementation. We fully commit to this. This Partnership will work in a spirit of global solidarity, in
particular solidarity with the poorest and with people in vulnerable situations. It will facilitate an
intensive global engagement in support of implementation of all the Goals and targets, bringing
together Governments, the private sector, civil society, the United Nations system and other actors
and mobilizing all available resources.
40. The means of implementation targets under Goal 17 and under each SDG are key to realising our
Agenda and are of equal importance with the other Goals and targets. The Agenda, including the
SDGs, can be met within the framework of a revitalized global partnership for sustainable
development, supported by the concrete policies and actions as outlined in the outcome document of
the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, held in Addis Ababa from 13-16
July 2015. We welcome the endorsement by the General Assembly of the Addis Ababa Action
Agenda, which is an integral part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. We recognize
that the full implementation of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda is critical for the realization of the
Sustainable Development Goals and targets.
41. We recognize that each country has primary responsibility for its own economic and social
development. The new Agenda deals with the means required for implementation of the Goals and
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targets. We recognize that these will include the mobilization of financial resources as well as
capacity-building and the transfer of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on
favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed. Public
finance, both domestic and international, will play a vital role in providing essential services and public
goods and in catalyzing other sources of finance. We acknowledge the role of the diverse private
sector, ranging from micro-enterprises to cooperatives to multinationals, and that of civil society
organizations and philanthropic organizations in the implementation of the new Agenda.
42. We support the implementation of relevant strategies and programmes of action, including the
Istanbul Declaration and Programme of Action, the SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA)
Pathway, the Vienna Programme of Action for Landlocked Developing Countries for the Decade
2014-2024, and reaffirm the importance of supporting the African Union’s Agenda 2063 and the
programme of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), all of which are integral to the
new Agenda. We recognize the major challenge to the achievement of durable peace and sustainable
development in countries in conflict and post-conflict situations.
43. We emphasize that international public finance plays an important role in complementing the
efforts of countries to mobilize public resources domestically, especially in the poorest and most
vulnerable countries with limited domestic resources. An important use of international public finance,
including ODA, is to catalyse additional resource mobilization from other sources, public and private.
ODA providers reaffirm their respective commitments, including the commitment by many developed
countries to achieve the target of 0.7% of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15% to 0.2% of
ODA/GNI to least developed countries.
44. We acknowledge the importance for international financial institutions to support, in line with their
mandates, the policy space of each country, in particular developing countries. We recommit to
broadening and strengthening the voice and participation of developing countries – including African
countries, least developed countries, land-locked developing countries, small-island developing
States and middle-income countries – in international economic decision-making, norm-setting and
global economic governance.
45. We acknowledge also the essential role of national parliaments through their enactment of
legislation and adoption of budgets and their role in ensuring accountability for the effective
implementation of our commitments. Governments and public institutions will also work closely on
implementation with regional and local authorities, sub-regional institutions, international institutions,
academia, philanthropic organisations, volunteer groups and others.
46. We underline the important role and comparative advantage of an adequately resourced, relevant,
coherent, efficient and effective UN system in supporting the achievement of the SDGs and
sustainable development. While stressing the importance of strengthened national ownership and
leadership at country level, we express our support for the ongoing ECOSOC Dialogue on the longerterm
positioning of the United Nations development system in the context of this Agenda.
Follow-up and review
47. Our Governments have the primary responsibility for follow-up and review, at the national,
regional and global levels, in relation to the progress made in implementing the Goals and targets
over the coming fifteen years. To support accountability to our citizens, we will provide for systematic
follow-up and review at the various levels, as set out in this Agenda and the Addis Ababa Action
Agenda. The High Level Political Forum under the auspices of the General Assembly and the
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Economic and Social Council will have the central role in overseeing follow-up and review at the
global level.
48. Indicators are being developed to assist this work. Quality, accessible, timely and reliable
disaggregated data will be needed to help with the measurement of progress and to ensure that no
one is left behind. Such data is key to decision-making. Data and information from existing reporting
mechanisms should be used where possible. We agree to intensify our efforts to strengthen statistical
capacities in developing countries, particularly African countries, least developed countries,
landlocked developing countries, small island developing States and middle-income countries. We are
committed to developing broader measures of progress to complement gross domestic product
(GDP).
A call for action to change our world
49. Seventy years ago, an earlier generation of world leaders came together to create the United
Nations. From the ashes of war and division they fashioned this Organization and the values of
peace, dialogue and international cooperation which underpin it. The supreme embodiment of those
values is the Charter of the United Nations.
50. Today we are also taking a decision of great historic significance. We resolve to build a better
future for all people, including the millions who have been denied the chance to lead decent, dignified
and rewarding lives and to achieve their full human potential. We can be the first generation to
succeed in ending poverty; just as we may be the last to have a chance of saving the planet. The
world will be a better place in 2030 if we succeed in our objectives.
51. What we are announcing today – an Agenda for global action for the next fifteen years – is a
charter for people and planet in the twenty-first century. Children and young women and men are
critical agents of change and will find in the new Goals a platform to channel their infinite capacities
for activism into the creation of a better world.
52. “We the Peoples” are the celebrated opening words of the UN Charter. It is “We the Peoples” who
are embarking today on the road to 2030. Our journey will involve Governments as well as
Parliaments, the UN system and other international institutions, local authorities, indigenous peoples,
civil society, business and the private sector, the scientific and academic community – and all people.
Millions have already engaged with, and will own, this Agenda. It is an Agenda of the people, by the
people, and for the people – and this, we believe, will ensure its success.
53. The future of humanity and of our planet lies in our hands. It lies also in the hands of today’s
younger generation who will pass the torch to future generations. We have mapped the road to
sustainable development; it will be for all of us to ensure that the journey is successful and its gains
irreversible.
Sustainable Development Goals and targets
54. Following an inclusive process of intergovernmental negotiations, and based on the Proposal of
the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals , which includes a chapeau
contextualising the latter, the following are the Goals and targets which we have agreed.
55. The SDGs and targets are integrated and indivisible, global in nature and universally applicable,
taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting
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national policies and priorities. Targets are defined as aspirational and global, with each government
setting its own national targets guided by the global level of ambition but taking into account national
circumstances. Each government will also decide how these aspirational and global targets should be
incorporated in national planning processes, policies and strategies. It is important to recognize the
link between sustainable development and other relevant ongoing processes in the economic, social
and environmental fields.
56. In deciding upon these Goals and targets, we recognise that each country faces specific
challenges to achieve sustainable development, and we underscore the special challenges facing the
most vulnerable countries and, in particular, African countries, least developed countries, landlocked
developing countries and small island developing States, as well as the specific challenges facing the
middle-income countries. Countries in situations of conflict also need special attention.
57. We recognize that baseline data for several of the targets remain unavailable, and we call for
increased support for strengthening data collection and capacity building in Member States, to
develop national and global baselines where they do not yet exist. We commit to addressing this gap
in data collection so as to better inform the measurement of progress, in particular for those targets
below which do not have clear numerical targets.
58. We encourage ongoing efforts by states in other fora to address key issues which pose potential
challenges to the implementation of our Agenda; and we respect the independent mandates of those
processes. We intend that the Agenda and its implementation would support, and be without
prejudice to, those other processes and the decisions taken therein.
59. We recognise that there are different approaches, visions, models and tools available to each
country, in accordance with its national circumstances and priorities, to achieve sustainable
development; and we reaffirm that planet Earth and its ecosystems are our common home and that
‘Mother Earth’ is a common expression in a number of countries and regions.
Sustainable Development Goals
 Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
 Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable
agriculture
 Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
 Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning
opportunities for all
 Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
 Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
 Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
 Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive
employment and decent work for all
 Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and
foster innovation
 Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
 Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
 Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
 Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
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 Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for
sustainable development
 Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably
manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt
biodiversity loss
 Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide
access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
 Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for
sustainable development
 Acknowledging that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the
primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate
change.
Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people
living on less than $1.25 a day
1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in
poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors,
and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable
1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal
rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land
and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial
services, including microfinance
1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their
exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and
environmental shocks and disasters
1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced
development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing
countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end
poverty in all its dimensions
1.b Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on propoor
and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty
eradication actions
Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable
agriculture
2.1 By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in
vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
2.2 By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed
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targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of
adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
2.3 By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in
particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through
secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial
services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment
2.4 By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural
practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen
capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and
that progressively improve land and soil quality
2.5 By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated
animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and
plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and
equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional
knowledge, as internationally agreed
2.a Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure,
agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene
banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least
developed countries
2.b Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including
through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures
with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round
2.c Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives
and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit
extreme food price volatility
Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
3.1 By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all
countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5
mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births
3.3 By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and
combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases
3.4 By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through
prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being
3.5 Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and
harmful use of alcohol
3.6 By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents
3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for
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family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national
strategies and programmes
3.8 Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential
health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and
vaccines for all
3.9 By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and
air, water and soil pollution and contamination
3.a Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on
Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate
3.b Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and noncommunicable
diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable
essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement
and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in
the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to
protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all
3.c Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of
the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island
developing States
3.d Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk
reduction and management of national and global health risks
Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning
opportunities for all
4.1 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and
secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes
4.2 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care
and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education
4.3 By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical,
vocational and tertiary education, including university
4.4 By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including
technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship
4.5 By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of
education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous
peoples and children in vulnerable situations
4.6 By 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women,
achieve literacy and numeracy
4.7 By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable
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development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and
sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and nonviolence,
global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to
sustainable development
4.a Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide
safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all
4.b By 2020, substantially expand globally the number of scholarships available to developing
countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and African
countries, for enrolment in higher education, including vocational training and information and
communications technology, technical, engineering and scientific programmes, in developed
countries and other developing countries
4.c By 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international
cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and
small island developing States
Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres,
including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
5.3 Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital
mutilation
5.4 Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services,
infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the
household and the family as nationally appropriate
5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels
of decision-making in political, economic and public life
5.6 Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in
accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and
Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review
conferences
5.a Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to
ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and
natural resources, in accordance with national laws
5.b Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications
technology, to promote the empowerment of women
5.c Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender
equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels
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Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
6.1 By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
6.2 By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open
defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable
situations
6.3 By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release
of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and
substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
6.4 By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable
withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number
of people suffering from water scarcity
6.5 By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through
transboundary cooperation as appropriate
6.6 By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands,
rivers, aquifers and lakes
6.a By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries
in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination,
water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
6.b Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation
management
Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
7.3 By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency
7.a By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and
technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel
technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology
7.b By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable
energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island
developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective
programmes of support
Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive
employment and decent work for all
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8.1 Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular,
at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries
8.2 Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading
and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors
8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation,
entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-,
small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
8.4 Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production
and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the
10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed
countries taking the lead
8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men,
including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
8.6 By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training
8.7 Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and
human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour,
including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms
8.8 Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including
migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment
8.9 By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and
promotes local culture and products
8.10 Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to
banking, insurance and financial services for all
8.a Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries,
including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to
Least Developed Countries
8.b By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the
Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization
Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and
foster innovation
9.1 Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and
transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on
affordable and equitable access for all
9.2 Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s
share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its
share in least developed countries
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9.3 Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing
countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and
markets
9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased
resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and
industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all
countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and
substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and
public and private research and development spending
9.a Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through
enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed
countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
9.b Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries,
including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value
addition to commodities
9.c Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide
universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020
Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the
population at a rate higher than the national average
10.2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of
age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating
discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action
in this regard
10.4 Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve
greater equality
10.5 Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen
the implementation of such regulations
10.6 Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global
international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible,
accountable and legitimate institutions
10.7 Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including
through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
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10.a Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular
least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements
10.b Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct
investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African
countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with
their national plans and programmes
10.c By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and
eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent
Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
11.1 By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and
upgrade slums
11.2 By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all,
improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of
those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons
11.3 By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory,
integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries
11.4 Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage
11.5 By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and
substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by
disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in
vulnerable situations
11.6 By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying
special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
11.7 By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in
particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities
11.a Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural
areas by strengthening national and regional development planning
11.b By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and
implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and
adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all
levels
11.c Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in
building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials
Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
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12.1 Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production,
all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the
development and capabilities of developing countries
12.2 By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
12.3 By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food
losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses
12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes
throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly
reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health
and the environment
12.5 By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and
reuse
12.6 Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable
practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle
12.7 Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies
and priorities
12.8 By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for
sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature
12.a Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move
towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
12.b Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable
tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
12.c Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing
market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and
phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking
fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the
possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected
communities
Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in
all countries
13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
13.3 Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change
mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
13.a Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by
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2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful
mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate
Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible
13.b Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and
management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on
women, youth and local and marginalized communities
* Acknowledging that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the primary
international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change.
Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable
development
14.1 By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from landbased
activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
14.2 By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant
adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in
order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
14.3 Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific
cooperation at all levels
14.4 By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated
fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to
restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum
sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and
international law and based on the best available scientific information
14.6 By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and
overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and
refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and
differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the
World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
14.7 By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed
countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of
fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
14.a Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking
into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the
Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of
marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing
States and least developed countries
14.b Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
14.c Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing
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international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation
and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We
Want
Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably
manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt
biodiversity loss
15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland
freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in
line with obligations under international agreements
15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt
deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation
globally
15.3 By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by
desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world
15.4 By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order
to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of
biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
15.6 Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources
and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed
15.7 Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and
address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products
15.8 By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of
invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species
15.9 By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning,
development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts
15.a Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and
sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems
15.b Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest
management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management,
including for conservation and reforestation
15.c Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species,
including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood
opportunities
Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide
access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
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16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children
16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to
justice for all
16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of
stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime
16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms
16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
16.8 Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global
governance
16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration
16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with
national legislation and international agreements
16.a Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building
capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism
and crime
16.b Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development
Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for
sustainable development
Finance
17.1 Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing
countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection
17.2 Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments,
including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of
ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries;
ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of
ODA/GNI to least developed countries
17.3 Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources
17.4 Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies
aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the
external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress
17.5 Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries
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Technology
17.6 Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and
access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed
terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the
United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism
17.7 Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound
technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential
terms, as mutually agreed
17.8 Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacitybuilding
mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling
technology, in particular information and communications technology
Capacity-building
17.9 Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in
developing countries to support national plans to implement all the sustainable development goals,
including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation
Trade
17.10 Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading
system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under
its Doha Development Agenda
17.11 Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling
the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020
17.12 Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for
all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by
ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are
transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access
Systemic issues
Policy and institutional coherence
17.13 Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy
coherence
17.14 Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development
17.15 Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for
poverty eradication and sustainable development
Multi-stakeholder partnerships
17.16 Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multistakeholder
partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial
resources, to support the achievement of the sustainable development goals in all countries, in
particular developing countries
17.17 Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building
on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships
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Data, monitoring and accountability
17.18 By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least
developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of
high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory
status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts
17.19 By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable
development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in
developing countries
Means of implementation and the Global Partnership
60. We reaffirm our strong commitment to the full implementation of this new Agenda. We recognize
that we will not be able to achieve our ambitious Goals and targets without a revitalized and enhanced
Global Partnership and comparably ambitious means of implementation. The revitalized Global
Partnership will facilitate an intensive global engagement in support of implementation of all the goals
and targets, bringing together Governments, civil society, the private sector, the United Nations
system and other actors and mobilizing all available resources.
61. The Agenda’s Goals and targets deal with the means required to realise our collective ambitions.
The means of implementation targets under each SDG and Goal 17, which are referred to above, are
key to realising our Agenda and are of equal importance with the other Goals and targets. We shall
accord them equal priority in our implementation efforts and in the global indicator framework for
monitoring our progress.
62. This Agenda, including the SDGs, can be met within the framework of a revitalized global
partnership for sustainable development, supported by the concrete policies and actions outlined in
the Addis Ababa Action Agenda , which is an integral part of the 2030 Agenda for sustainable
development. The Addis Ababa Action Agenda supports, complements and helps contextualize the
2030 Agenda’s means of implementation targets. These relate to domestic public resources, domestic
and international private business and finance, international development cooperation, international
trade as an engine for development, debt and debt sustainability, addressing systemic issues and
science, technology, innovation and capacity-building, and data, monitoring and follow-up.
63. Cohesive nationally owned sustainable development strategies, supported by integrated national
financing frameworks, will be at the heart of our efforts. We reiterate that each country has primary
responsibility for its own economic and social development and that the role of national policies and
development strategies cannot be overemphasized. We will respect each country’s policy space and
leadership to implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development, while
remaining consistent with relevant international rules and commitments. At the same time, national
development efforts need to be supported by an enabling international economic environment,
including coherent and mutually supporting world trade, monetary and financial systems, and
strengthened and enhanced global economic governance. Processes to develop and facilitate the
availability of appropriate knowledge and technologies globally, as well as capacity-building, are also
critical. We commit to pursuing policy coherence and an enabling environment for sustainable
development at all levels and by all actors, and to reinvigorating the global partnership for sustainable
development.
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64. We support the implementation of relevant strategies and programmes of action, including the
Istanbul Declaration and Programme of Action, the SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA)
Pathway, the Vienna Programme of Action for Landlocked Developing Countries for the Decade
2014-2024, and reaffirm the importance of supporting the African Union’s Agenda 2063 and the
programme of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), all of which are integral to the
new Agenda. We recognize the major challenge to the achievement of durable peace and sustainable
development in countries in conflict and post-conflict situations.
65. We recognize that middle-income countries still face significant challenges to achieve sustainable
development. In order to ensure that achievements made to date are sustained, efforts to address
ongoing challenges should be strengthened through the exchange of experiences, improved
coordination, and better and focused support of the United Nations Development System, the
international financial institutions, regional organizations and other stakeholders.
66. We underscore that, for all countries, public policies and the mobilization and effective use of
domestic resources, underscored by the principle of national ownership, are central to our common
pursuit of sustainable development, including achieving the sustainable development goals. We
recognize that domestic resources are first and foremost generated by economic growth, supported
by an enabling environment at all levels.
67. Private business activity, investment and innovation are major drivers of productivity, inclusive
economic growth and job creation. We acknowledge the diversity of the private sector, ranging from
micro-enterprises to cooperatives to multinationals. We call on all businesses to apply their creativity
and innovation to solving sustainable development challenges. We will foster a dynamic and wellfunctioning
business sector, while protecting labour rights and environmental and health standards in
accordance with relevant international standards and agreements and other on-going initiatives in this
regard, such as the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and the labour standards of
ILO, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and key multilateral environmental agreements, for
parties to those agreements.
68. International trade is an engine for inclusive economic growth and poverty reduction, and
contributes to the promotion of sustainable development. We will continue to promote a universal,
rules-based, open, transparent, predictable, inclusive, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral
trading system under the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as meaningful trade liberalization.
We call on all WTO members to redouble their efforts to promptly conclude the negotiations on the
Doha Development Agenda. We attach great importance to providing trade-related capacity-building
for developing countries, including African countries, least-developed countries, landlocked
developing countries, small island developing states and middle-income countries, including for the
promotion of regional economic integration and interconnectivity.
69. We recognize the need to assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability
through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief, debt restructuring and
sound debt management, as appropriate. Many countries remain vulnerable to debt crises and some
are in the midst of crises, including a number of least developed countries, small-island developing
States and some developed countries. We reiterate that debtors and creditors must work together to
prevent and resolve unsustainable debt situations. Maintaining sustainable debt levels is the
responsibility of the borrowing countries; however we acknowledge that lenders also have a
responsibility to lend in a way that does not undermine a country’s debt sustainability. We will support
the maintenance of debt sustainability of those countries that have received debt relief and achieved
sustainable debt levels.
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70. We hereby launch a Technology Facilitation Mechanism which was established by the Addis
Ababa Action Agenda in order to support the sustainable development goals. The Technology
Facilitation Mechanism will be based on a multi-stakeholder collaboration between Member States,
civil society, private sector, scientific community, United Nations entities and other stakeholders and
will be composed of: a United Nations Interagency Task Team on Science, Technology and
Innovation for the SDGs, a collaborative Multistakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and
Innovation for the SDGs and an on-line platform.
• The United Nations Interagency Task Team on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs
will promote coordination, coherence, and cooperation within the UN System on STI related matters,
enhancing synergy and efficiency, in particular to enhance capacity-building initiatives. The Task
Team will draw on existing resources and will work with 10 representatives from the civil society,
private sector, the scientific community, to prepare the meetings of the Multistakeholder Forum on
Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs, as well as in the development and
operationalization of the on-line platform, including preparing proposals for the modalities for the
Forum and the on-line platform. The 10 representatives will be appointed by the Secretary General,
for periods of two years. The Task Team will be open to the participation of all UN agencies, funds
and programmes, and ECOSOC functional commissions and it will initially be composed by the
entities that currently integrate the informal working group on technology facilitation, namely: UN
Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Environment Programme, UNIDO, United
Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNCTAD, International Telecommunication
Union, WIPO and the World Bank.
• The on-line platform will be used to establish a comprehensive mapping of, and serve as a gateway
for, information on existing STI initiatives, mechanisms and programmes, within and beyond the UN.
The on-line platform will facilitate access to information, knowledge and experience, as well as best
practices and lessons learned, on STI facilitation initiatives and policies. The online platform will also
facilitate the dissemination of relevant open access scientific publications generated worldwide. The
on-line platform will be developed on the basis of an independent technical assessment which will
take into account best practices and lessons learned from other initiatives, within and beyond the
United Nations, in order to ensure that it will complement, facilitate access to and provide adequate
information on existing STI platforms, avoiding duplications and enhancing synergies
.
• The Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science Technology and Innovation for the SDGs will be convened
once a year, for a period of two days, to discuss STI cooperation around thematic areas for the
implementation of the SDGs, congregating all relevant stakeholders to actively contribute in their area
of expertise. The Forum will provide a venue for facilitating interaction, matchmaking and the
establishment of networks between relevant stakeholders and multi- stakeholder partnerships in order
to identify and examine technology needs and gaps, including on scientific cooperation, innovation
and capacity building, and also in order to help facilitate development, transfer and dissemination of
relevant technologies for the SDGs. The meetings of the Forum will be convened by the President of
the ECOSOC before the meeting of the High Level Political Forum under the auspices of ECOSOC
or, alternatively, in conjunction with other fora or conferences, as appropriate, taking into account the
theme to be considered and on the basis of a collaboration with the organizers of the other fora or
conference. The meetings of the Forum will be co-chaired by two Member States and will result in a
summary of discussions elaborated by the two co-chairs, as an input to the meetings of the High
Level Political Forum, in the context of the follow-up and review of the implementation of the Post2015
Development Agenda.
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• The meetings of the HLPF will be informed by the summary of the Multistakeholder Forum. The
themes for the subsequent Multistakeholder Forum on Science Technology and Innovation for the
SDGs will be considered by the High Level Political Forum on sustainable development, taking into
account expert inputs from the Task Team.
71. We reiterate that this Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals and targets, including the
means of implementation are universal, indivisible and interlinked.
Follow-up and review
72. We commit to engage in systematic follow-up and review of implementation of this Agenda over
the next fifteen years. A robust, voluntary, effective, participatory, transparent and integrated follow-up
and review framework will make a vital contribution to implementation and will help countries to
maximize and track progress in implementing this Agenda in order to ensure that no one is left
behind.
73. Operating at the national, regional and global levels, it will promote accountability to our citizens,
support effective international cooperation in achieving this Agenda and foster exchanges of best
practices and mutual learning. It will mobilize support to overcome shared challenges and identify new
and emerging issues. As this is a universal Agenda, mutual trust and understanding among all nations
will be important.
74. Follow-up and review processes at all levels will be guided by the following principles:
a. They will be voluntary and country-led, will take into account different national realities, capacities
and levels of development and will respect policy space and priorities. As national ownership is key to
achieving sustainable development, the outcome from national level processes will be the foundation
for reviews at regional and global levels, given that the global review will be primarily based on
national official data sources.
b. They will track progress in implementing the universal Goals and targets, including the means of
implementation, in all countries in a manner which respects their universal, integrated and interrelated
nature and the three dimensions of sustainable development.
c. They will maintain a longer-term orientation, identify achievements, challenges, gaps and critical
success factors and support countries in making informed policy choices. They will help mobilize the
necessary means of implementation and partnerships, support the identification of solutions and best
practices and promote coordination and effectiveness of the international development system.
d. They will be open, inclusive, participatory and transparent for all people and will support the
reporting by all relevant stakeholders.
e. They will be people-centred, gender-sensitive, respect human rights and have a particular focus on
the poorest, most vulnerable and those furthest behind.
f. They will build on existing platforms and processes, where these exist, avoid duplication and
respond to national circumstances, capacities, needs and priorities. They will evolve over time, taking
into account emerging issues and the development of new methodologies, and will minimize the
reporting burden on national administrations.
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g. They will be rigorous and based on evidence, informed by country-led evaluations and data which
is high-quality, accessible, timely, reliable and disaggregated by income, sex, age, race, ethnicity,
migration status, disability and geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national
contexts.
h. They will require enhanced capacity-building support for developing countries, including the
strengthening of national data systems and evaluation programs, particularly in African countries,
LDCs, SIDS and LLDCs and middle-income countries.
i. They will benefit from the active support of the UN system and other multilateral institutions.
75. The Goals and targets will be followed-up and reviewed using a set of global indicators. These will
be complemented by indicators at the regional and national levels which will be developed by member
states, in addition to the outcomes of work undertaken for the development of the baselines for those
targets where national and global baseline data does not yet exist. The global indicator framework, to
be developed by the Inter Agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators, will be agreed by the UN
Statistical Commission by March 2016 and adopted thereafter by the Economic and Social Council
and the General Assembly, in line with existing mandates. This framework will be simple yet robust,
address all SDGs and targets including for means of implementation, and preserve the political
balance, integration and ambition contained therein.
76. We will support developing countries, particularly African countries, LDCs, SIDS and LLDCs, in
strengthening the capacity of national statistical offices and data systems to ensure access to highquality,
timely, reliable and disaggregated data. We will promote transparent and accountable scalingup
of appropriate public-private cooperation to exploit the contribution to be made by a wide range of
data, including earth observation and geo-spatial information, while ensuring national ownership in
supporting and tracking progress.
77. We commit to fully engage in conducting regular and inclusive reviews of progress at subnational,
national, regional and global levels. We will draw as far as possible on the existing network
of follow-up and review institutions and mechanisms. National reports will allow assessments of
progress and identify challenges at the regional and global level. Along with regional dialogues and
global reviews, they will inform recommendations for follow-up at various levels.
National level
78. We encourage all member states to develop as soon as practicable ambitious national responses
to the overall implementation of this Agenda. These can support the transition to the SDGs and build
on existing planning instruments, such as national development and sustainable development
strategies, as appropriate.
79. We also encourage member states to conduct regular and inclusive reviews of progress at the
national and sub-national levels which are country-led and country-driven. Such reviews should draw
on contributions from indigenous peoples, civil society, the private sector and other stakeholders, in
line with national circumstances, policies and priorities. National parliaments as well as other
institutions can also support these processes.
Regional level
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80. Follow-up and review at the regional and sub-regional levels can, as appropriate, provide useful
opportunities for peer learning, including through voluntary reviews, sharing of best practices and
discussion on shared targets. We welcome in this respect the cooperation of regional and subregional
commissions and organizations. Inclusive regional processes will draw on national-level
reviews and contribute to follow-up and review at the global level, including at the High Level Political
Forum on sustainable development (HLPF).
81. Recognizing the importance of building on existing follow-up and review mechanisms at the
regional level and allowing adequate policy space, we encourage all member states to identify the
most suitable regional forum in which to engage. UN regional commissions are encouraged to
continue supporting member states in this regard.
Global level
82. The HLPF will have a central role in overseeing a network of follow-up and review processes at
the global level, working coherently with the General Assembly, ECOSOC and other relevant organs
and forums, in accordance with existing mandates. It will facilitate sharing of experiences, including
successes, challenges and lessons learned, and provide political leadership, guidance and
recommendations for follow-up. It will promote system-wide coherence and coordination of
sustainable development policies. It should ensure that the Agenda remains relevant and ambitious
and should focus on the assessment of progress, achievements and challenges faced by developed
and developing countries as well as new and emerging issues. Effective linkages will be made with
the follow-up and review arrangements of all relevant UN Conferences and processes, including on
LDCs, SIDS and LLDCs.
83. Follow-up and review at the HLPF will be informed by an annual SDG Progress Report to be
prepared by the Secretary General in cooperation with the UN System, based on the global indicator
framework and data produced by national statistical systems and information collected at the regional
level. The HLPF will also be informed by the Global Sustainable Development Report, which shall
strengthen the science-policy interface and could provide a strong evidence-based instrument to
support policy-makers in promoting poverty eradication and sustainable development. We invite the
President of ECOSOC to conduct a process of consultations on the scope, methodology and
frequency of the Report as well as its relation to the SDG Progress Report, the outcome of which
should be reflected in the Ministerial Declaration of the HLPF session in 2016.
84. The HLPF, under the auspices of ECOSOC, shall carry out regular reviews, in line with Resolution
67/290. Reviews will be voluntary, while encouraging reporting, and include developed and
developing countries as well as relevant UN entities and other stakeholders, including civil society and
the private sector. They shall be state-led, involving ministerial and other relevant high-level
participants. They shall provide a platform for partnerships, including through the participation of
major groups and other relevant stakeholders.
85. Thematic reviews of progress on the Sustainable Development Goals, including cross-cutting
issues, will also take place at the HLPF. These will be supported by reviews by the ECOSOC
functional commissions and other inter-governmental bodies and forums which should reflect the
integrated nature of the goals as well as the interlinkages between them. They will engage all relevant
stakeholders and, where possible, feed into, and be aligned with, the cycle of the HLPF.
86. We welcome, as outlined in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, the dedicated follow-up and review
for the Financing for Development outcomes as well as all the means of implementation of the SDGs
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which is integrated with the follow-up and review framework of this Agenda. The intergovernmentally
agreed conclusions and recommendations of the annual ECOSOC Forum on Financing for
Development will be fed into the overall follow-up and review of the implementation of this Agenda in
the HLPF.
87. Meeting every four years under the auspices of the General Assembly, the HLPF will provide
high-level political guidance on the Agenda and its implementation, identify progress and emerging
challenges and mobilize further actions to accelerate implementation. The next HLPF, under the
auspices of the General Assembly, will take place in 2019, with the cycle of meetings thus reset, in
order to maximize coherence with the Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review process.
88. We also stress the importance of system-wide strategic planning, implementation and reporting in
order to ensure coherent and integrated support to implementation of the new Agenda by the UN
development system. The relevant governing bodies should take action to review such support to
implementation and to report on progress and obstacles. We welcome the ongoing ECOSOC
Dialogues on the longer term positioning of the UN development system and look forward to taking
action on these issues, as appropriate.
89. The HLPF will support participation in follow-up and review processes by the major groups and
other relevant stakeholders in line with Resolution 67/290. We call on these actors to report on their
contribution to the implementation of the Agenda.
90. We request the Secretary General, in consultation with Member States, to prepare a report, for
consideration at the 70th session of the General Assembly in preparation for the 2016 meeting of the
HLPF, which outlines critical milestones towards coherent efficient, and inclusive follow-up and review
at the global level. This report should include a proposal on the organizational arrangements for stateled
reviews at the HLPF under the auspices of ECOSOC, including recommendations on a voluntary
common reporting guidelines. It should clarify institutional responsibilities and provide guidance on
annual themes, on a sequence of thematic reviews, and on options for periodic reviews for the HLPF.
91. We reaffirm our unwavering commitment to achieving this Agenda and utilizing it to the full to
transform our world for the better by 2030.